tv BBC World News America PBS December 5, 2012 4:00pm-4:30pm PST
fight outside the palace in cairo. villages are flattened and hundreds are killed. and remembering the legendary sound of dave brubeck, a jazz pianist whose impact went far beyond the world of music. welcome to our viewers on public television in america and elsewhere around the globe. in egypt tonight, pitched battles on the streets of cairo and -- between supporters and opponents of the president there. there have been violent clashes for the second day outside the presidential power us -- palace in cairo. demonstrators have been during
petrol bombs. four senior advisers have resigned. what are the chances for a peaceful resolution? that is the question i asked the state department spokesman p.j. crowley. >> we have had the former head of the iaea suggesting that morsi is now worse than hosni mubarak. is getting quite tense there, isn't it? >> it is. and the tension between institutions is actually potentially constructive. and every faction is sending their groups into the streets, or the muslim brotherhood is sending dogs to intimidate the court. this could create a very tense situation and potentially spiral out of control. >> how accurate are those comments about morsi? >> we do not know yet.
none of those statements necessarily mean there is anything other than competition. you have the court stopped with mubarak appointees, but nonetheless, you have the other branches of government. . there's also the definition of the future of egyptian society. >> i was interested to see what you were writing about on the bbc website. you point out that while the elections may be exciting, the future of egypt is enshrine in this constitution that they are haggling over right now.
>> and obviously, the constitution, you could argue whether egypt is better with or without one. probably better with one. although, there are great problems with freedom of religion, freedom of association, freedom of the press, freedom of rights for women. it will have to be improved upon. >> this is where political will and puritanism will be enshrined. >> will these various players compete to monopolize? that has been their experience and tradition going back tomorrow. or will this competition and tension actually produce respect for the roles of these institutions and compromise? something that they are clearly going to have to try to figure out. >> and you can see it even with americans in capitol hill. what are your thoughts about how
this will work out? >> if you are a glass is half full, the institutional society right now is the muslim brotherhood, but you have an opposition that has been reenergize. the key is, can they become organized? you have to step back from a violent confrontation to work on political grounds. >> a quick correction to the story on syria last night. i mistakenly said that assad's father used chemical weapons against his own people, which he did not. we apologize for the error. a typhoon blew through the philippines. so far, 270 are dead. mudslides and floods washed away entire villages. rescue crews are still trying to get to some areas. the bbc now reports from manila. >> the human cost is great.
current of water came gushing down the mountain, killing and injuring scores of people. people like this family. >> my father is in hospital. my mother and older brother were swept away by the flood water. that is the last time i saw them. my mother said to me, "i love you." >> carried to safety by his cousin, young julia's is facing the fact that most of his immediate family are dead. more than half of the reported casualties are from the same province. most of their crops have been wiped out. power and communications are down, homes and infrastructure destroyed. >> the government in manila is accused of doing too little, too late. -- too little, too late in past disasters. but this time, they are active. people are being sent text messages and messages on twitter
and facebook to advise them what to do. all of this preparation appears to have paid off. evacuation centers are providing basic care for tens of thousands. rescue workers are saying that as an ad as things are, they could have been worse. -- as bad as things are, they could have been worse. this is the strongest typhoon to hit this area in years, and the strongest in decades. in the past, typhoons of the size have killed thousands. but this time, there were warnings and the death toll was substantially lower. but for these people, that is little comfort. one life lost, one livelihood destroyed is still want to many. -- one too many. >> today in brussels, the u.s. secretary of state delivered a clear message, warning nato allies they must honor their financial commitments to
afghanistan security forces after western troops pull back in 2014. after more than a decade of war, the country's still fragile. but afghanistan has been in this situation before. in a new book, the author, an afghan native, he writes about the misunderstood a history of the country and what it suggests for the country prepare -- for the country's future prepar. >> what i want to say is that it is not a case of the afghan people are one group and the taliban as another entity over there. they have been engaged in a long struggle between its own tendencies toward wanting to open up to the world and move the country in that direction, and those forces that want to entrench and reject that role and become more locally world. you know, verify and confirm the
power of grass-roots clerics, grass-roots elders, that is the tendency in afghanistan. it is true that is very much associated with islamic, what we would call, conservatism. >> is that the dynamic that foreign powers have failed to understand, whether it is the brits, the soviets, and now americans? >> it is a dynamic that foreign powers have failed to understand, and at the same time, it is a dynamic that in some regard has been set in motion by the fact that afghanistan is always squeezed between at least two great global powers. therefore, over the last 150 years, something like that, the afghan rolaine eat, the leadership there has been forced to -- the rolaine delete commodified leadership there has been forced to look for other ways of to govern the lives of its own people. instead of what other leaders have always done otherwise, such
as cowger india and iran. that has -- conquered india and iran. that have setup and -- an interesting dynamic. >> powers have come and gone in the country. that is something that the taliban understands about the nato forces. is that played out during various regimes that have tried to take over afghanistan? >> in the past, people who have tried to cocker the afghans have left remnants behind, and those are the -- to conquer the afghans have left from its behind, and those are the afghans. the united states ended in western europe have no interest in occupying and colonizing afghanistan into the 51st state, or whatever. the afghans are there tuesday.
the others come and go. -- are there to stay. the others come and go. >> puc much fighting? gregg's my time was split between the capital -- >> my time was split between the south. endand the >> you know afghanistan well. thank you for coming in. it has been over a month now since a americans gave president obama four more years in the white house. there are now more minority voters than ever before. and in large part, the republican candidate lost because he failed to reach out to them. if your than one in three latino's failed to vote -- fewer than one in three latino's failed to vote for mitt romney. what will the republican party need to do to get the hispanic vote? >> at a christmas party outside
of boston, republicans are not feeling particularly festive -- outside of austin, republicans are not filling a particularly festive. they know they have a challenge in front of them. within two years, hispanics will outnumber whites in texas. >> if you want to know what the future of the republican party is, go to a national convention and stand on a chair and turn around 360 degrees, look at everybody, and then pick any street in the united states and put a share there and turn around 360 degrees and see if the outside convention looks like the inside of the convention. i will give you a hand, it does not. >> hispanic republicans say the party is doomed unless it presents a more welcoming face.
this man, whose ancestors are buried outside of san antonio, is a leading voice calling for reform. >> i value highly the traditions of the country and when you hear people speaking negatively about immigrants in a country built by immigrants, it is in congress. -- it is incongruous. >> the catholic conservation as san antonio's cathedral is naturally conservative corporate -- conservative. among those who have been here for generations, immigration is not their main concern. >> i would say there are hot topic issues of abortion and family values and what the role of family should be. >> but the man who helped to
sell george bush to hispanic voters says it is not enough just to talk about conservative values. he says the former president embraced the community and had a softer line on immigration. those were key. >> i learned about political advertising in a nutshell from ronald reagan. when i was introduced to him he said cannot -- he said, thank you for being on my campaign. i want you to know that we can get the latino vote because latinos are republican. they just do not know it yet. >> the campaign is on to connect the voters to their inner republican. it is not clear yet which strategy will succeed or fail. the camp -- the campaign need answers fast. >> it right now, the issue consuming both political parties in the u.s. is in the fiscal
cliff. in britain today, the finance minister george osborn was forced to defend his policy of austerity in the light of economic growth. >> when georgia osborn when to address the house of commons from the british economy -- on the british economy, he had to read mcvet is taking much longer than in must got to balance -- he had to admit it is taking much habré than it osborn when o address was first thought to balance the nation's books. >> the people want to know that we are making progress, and the message today is that we are making progress. it is a hard road, but we are getting there. >> he pointed to the economic problems globally that are making his job harder. as a result, the chancellor
announced austerity would have to last for logger, until 2018, in fact. that means more benefits will now be squeezed, and there will be a tax rates on the pension pops. >> i know these tax measures willthought to balance not be r. ways to reduce the deficit never are. but we must act together. when you look for savings, it is fair to local to the 1%. >> with multiple forecasts being downgraded, it has now become an issue about competence. they argue not only has the chancellor failed, but failed on his own terms. >> it has been completely derailed. the one test they set for themselves, balance the books
and get the debt falling by 2015, that is now in tatters. >> after all, the facts and figures of the chancellor's statement -- after all of the facts and figures of the chancellor's statement, we are left with a feeling of malaise. >> you are watching bbc world news america. still to come, aero controversy at the hospital after the duchess of game birds -- the after information on the duchess of cambridge is released to two is jockeys. >> in bangkok, thousands of thais turned out to catch a glimpse of the mark on his 85th birthday in a rare public appearance prepare aero controvy
at the hospital after the duchess of game birds -- the after information on the duchess of cambridge -- appearance. >> many well-wishers had been building up before the king appeared. opportunities to see their frail monarchs are really -- rare these days. to see people dressed in yellow is evidence of affection for the man who has been on the throne for 66 years. he has all but disappeared from public view. more than 2000 soldiers from the thai armed forces dressed in ceremonial uniform took part in the pageant. and they used this opportunity to reaffirm their loyalty to the king. they are the principal guardian of the monarchy cannot and -- of the monarchy, and it led them to take to -- to a coup in recent years and to protect that market. there was a time that the ties
believed their keen could resolve intractable -- that the people here believe their keen could resolve intractable conflicts. but not now. his wife was too weak to attend today's ceremony. there is behind these cheerful saenz profound unease about what will happen to this country when -- behind these cheerful ceremonies at profound unease about what will happen to this country after he is gone. >> the london hospital treating the duchess of cambridge has admitted it felt victim to a hoax and a phone call. two disk jockeys from australian
ready a station phones of hospital and pretended to be the queen and convinced interest to reveal information about kate's condition. nicholas mitchell house the latest. >> on one end of the call, the exclusive king edward the seventh part of a hospital in london -- king edward vii hospital in london. on the other hand, two australian disk jockeys working for a sydney radio station called @ today f.m.. kate had been admitted to the hospital hours early. william left monday night, looking pensive. in the early hours of tuesday, the australians call the hospital switchboard. >> hello, good morning. >> hello, there. could i still -- christ -- could i please speak to kate, my
granddaughter? >> yes, hold on man. >> are they putting us through? >> yes. >> if this works, it is the easiest prank call we have ever made. >> in the ensuing conversation, which we are not broadcasting, a nurse gave details about kdot condition. like any patient, she is entitled to confidentiality. the hospital released a statement this morning that it regretted the incident. this was a jewish -- foolish prank call -- this was a foolish pranks call. the call should never have got through. >> the call should have been put through to the contactor be at the time. it should not have gone through to a member of the nursing staff at the hospital.
>> they said they were sorry and wished kate well. she has had more visitors than before. her brother and sister arrived this afternoon. her mother came to be with her tonight. and william spent much of the day with her. but the focus was not on william and kate, but on a hospital, and what is perceived to be a breach of patient confidentiality caused by what they called "journalistic history. not the best day for the hospital -- "journalistic trickery." not the best day for the hospital. still no word on when she will be released. corexit -- >> dave brubeck, a pioneering musician whose career spanned half a century died today.
but his impact went far beyond the world of music. ♪ >> the dave berber a quartet with paul desmond on saxophone, -- the dave brubeck quartet with paul desmond on sax and the legendary dave brubeck on pianoforte. he founded the band the dave bre 1960's. it spoke to the heart of the popular culture. densely quarter derangements, experimental and privatization, and truckee meters -- a tricky meters were his trademarks. >> are their roles for improvisation? >> you bet your life there are. and the rules for jazz would just scare you to death. they are so strict who is
fearful. just break one of the roles and you will never end up in a jam session with the same guys again, believe me. >> he actively fought racism at home and abroad. "time" put him on their cover in 1954. he was sent abroad on goodwill missions during the cold war. his music touched millions. >> my first jazz concert in honolulu, hawaii in 1971, and it was a dave brubeck concert. [applause] and i have been a jazz fan ever since. >> dave brubeck was raised on a ranch. his mother was a teacher. the radio was banned. if you want to listen to music, she said, make your own. he did it as a composer, a bandleader, and a truly great pianist.
his love of jazz came from his love of rhythm, which he said came from the heart. adding, it is the first and last thing that we get to hear, the sound of life. >> will put on the life of dave brubeck, who died today at the life -- at the age of 81. that does it for our show today. if you like to read just, you can find us on twitter. thanks for watching i will see you back here tomorrow. >> makes sense of international news at bbc.com/news. >> funding of this presentation was made possible by the
freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu, newman's own foundation, and union bank. >> at union bank, our relationship managers work hard to understand the industry you operate in, working to nurture new ventures and help provide capital for key strategic decisions. we offer expertise and tailored solutions in a wide range of industries. what can we do for you? >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet, los angeles. presented by kcet, los angeles.
hi, neighbor! we're going to pick vegetables from our school garden. and then miss elaina's coming over for dinner. i'm excited to be with you, and i'll be right back. is made possible in part by... the richard king mellon foundation. dedicated for over sixty years to south western pennsylvania's quality of life, and competitive future.
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♪ in this land of make-believe ♪ a friendly face on every street ♪ ♪ just waiting to greet you ♪ it's a beautiful day in the neighborhood ♪ ♪ a beautiful day for a neighbor ♪ ♪ in daniel tiger's neighborhood ♪ (laughing) - hi, neighbor! we are in the vegetable garden at school. - hello, neighbor. come on, daniel, let's go pick some veggies! - vegetables! have you ever picked vegetables? i haven't. so i'm excited. here i come! look at our garden! what vegetables do you like? i like tomatoes! i can't believe how much our garden grew! wow! - that's because we planted the vegetable seeds. - and we watered them. - and we had lots of sunny sunshine!